ELEMENTARY: 6-12 YEARS

Montessori education is based on the belief that children are individuals with their own strengths, needs, interests and learning styles. In this respect the teacher guides each child through the learning process by using materials that fit their specific needs and pace.  In each Elementary classroom you will find children working on different concepts at the level that challenges them, without becoming frustrating. We believe that when a child is working like this, they are more engaged and focused. This in turn leads to a deeper understanding of the concepts that will underpin their forward progression.

 

The curriculum areas are: Maths, English Language and Spanish language and culture, Geometry and Measurement, History, Geography and Science, Creative Arts, Music, Drama, Dance, French, and Personal Development, Health and Physical Education. 

 

The classroom is a natural bilingual environment with one English-speaking and one Spanish-speaking Elementary guide.

 

The Great Lessons

 The curriculum is integrated using Montessori’s stories (The 5 Great Lessons), to add context to core study areas:

 

Great Lessons Study Area

 

The formation of the universe, the solar system and the earth 

 

 Astronomy, Meteorology, Chemistry, Physics, Geology, Geography 

 

The evolution of life on earth 

 

Biology, Botany, Environmental Studies, Evolution of life, Zoology, Health studies 

The coming of human beings to the earth 

 

 

History, Culture and the Arts, Social studies, Scientific discoveries and inventions 

 

 

Communication through signs 

 

Reading, Writing, Linguistics, Language structure, Literature

Development of numbers

 

Mathematics, the origin of numbers, Number systems, Geometry and Measurement 

 

In Elementary I most learning takes place through the manipulation of concrete materials although children naturally start to prefer to initiate projects and investigations in small groups. In Elementary II children start to show a preference for abstract learning and expression and use the concrete materials less often. Great works are undertaken, often culminating in complex presentations of learned skills and knowledge. These may take many forms, including posters, debates, presentations, theatrical representations and models, amongst others. 

 

The scope and sequence of the Montessori curriculum is described as The Spiral Curriculum. It is based on the following characteristics: 

 

  • The same materials are used in more than one level in an increasingly sophisticated way
  • Paper follow up work is introduced after initial presentations of concrete materials
  • Cultural lessons are reproduced and extended every year
  • Curriculum objectives are focused on making connections
  • There is a focus on thinking processes, problem solving and self-discovery
  • Connections between subject areas are taught explicitly
  • Curriculum areas in the Early Childhood environment prepare learners for work in the Elementary environment. For example: practical life activities prepare children for the fine motor work in manipulating math materials and handwriting; sensory materials prepare children for abstract math.